10 Facts about Festa Della Repubblica or Italy Republic Day

10 Facts about Festa Della Repubblica or Italy Republic Day

Italy is celebrating its biggest national festival, Festa Della Repubblica, or Italy’s Republic Day. It is Italy’s 78th Republic Day since the end of World War II and monarchy in 1946.

Italy celebrates one of its most significant historical days, Festa Della Repubblica, on June 2. The country commemorates the 1946 Italian Institutional referendum held by universal suffrage. 

On June 2, Italian people voted to decide on the form of government following the World War and the fall of Fascism. Festa Della Repubblica is also known as National Day in Italy. 

Let’s explore the basics of Italian Republic Day in 10 simple points; 

Date and Significance of Festa Della Repubblica 

Italian Republic Day, a national holiday, is celebrated on June 2 each year. Festa Della Repubblica marks the anniversary of the 1946 institutional referendum, on which the country voted to end the monarchy in favor of a republic. 

Historical Background 

The revolutionary referendum took place on June 2-3, 1946, in the aftermath of World War II and the fall of Benito Mussolini’s cruel fascist regime. Italy witnessed its biggest voting event on June 2, 1946, and more than 12 million countrymen participated in the vote. 

Result of the referendum 

According to Wikipedia data, the Republic received the majority of votes to demolish the monarchy. A total of 54.3% of people voted in favor of a Republic, while the monarchy received 45.7%. 

The referendum demolished the rule of King Umberto II and established a republic in Italy. 

First President of Italy 

As the referendum ended the monarchy and King Umberto II was exiled, Italy elected its first President, Enrico De Nicola, elected by the Constituent Assembly. 

The Italian Republic was officially proclaimed on June 18, 1946, almost 16 days after the universal polls. 

Ceremonial Events 

Festa Della Repubblica features a grand military parade in Rome, including the display of the Italian Armed Forces, police forces, and other civil protection units. The President of the Republic lays a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. 

Highlight of Events 

The festival’s highlight is the flyover of the Italian Air Force’s aerobatic display team, the Friese Tricolori, which colors the sky with the colors of the Italian flag: green, white, and red. The main celebration takes place in Rome. 

National Holiday 

Festa Della Repubblica is a public holiday in Italy. On this day, most government offices, private companies, schools, etc, remain closed. People celebrate Republic Day as a national celebration. 

Cultural Celebrations 

Many cultural events take place in many different parts of Italy. From local events to concerts, historical reenactments can be enjoyed on Italian Republic Day. 

Mission to Celebrate Festa Della Repubblica 

The day celebrates Italy’s democratic values, unity, and the end of the monarchy. It reminds the country of its commitment to democracy, freedom, and the principles enshrined in its Constitution.

Implementation of Constitution

A total of 578 days after the Italian Republic, the Constitution was implemented in the country.

Viral Infos wishes all our readers in Italy a very happy Festa della Repubblica (Republic Day)!

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